A.I. Varlamov, V.V. Shimansky, N.V. Taninskaya, Ju.E. Petrova, E.G. Raevskaya
 
Search and prospects of discovery of non-structural hydrocarbon traps
in major petroleum provinces of Russia
DOI 10.31087/0016-7894-2019-3-9-22

Future considerations of hydrocarbon resource base growth in the current stage of subsurface development are largely associated with non-structural oil and gas traps. Non-structural traps prospecting (lithological, stratigraphic, or faulted) is one of the most difficult tasks in global practice, which can be solved only by application of innovative exploration methodologies. Various types of non-structural traps (combination and essentially non-structural) are observed in the plays within each of petroleum provinces.
The paper discusses the state of the problem, methods of non-structural hydrocarbon traps identification, and also briefly reviews data on the major Russian petroleum provinces (West Siberian, Volga-Urals, Timan-Pechora, Lena-Tungussky, and Black Sea-North Caucasus-Mangyshlaksky). The question is posed on the need to separate the prospecting for and prediction of non-structural traps into independent branch with the target-oriented planning of the activities package. The matters of priority are: creation of a single base of non-structural objects; development of modern methodological approaches for their prediction and prospecting; assessment of reserves contained in them; improving of industry-specific regulatory documents related to submission and registering of non-anticlinal objects. Completing this task on a national scale is possible only within the framework of a unified national program the implementation of which will largely contribute to solving the problem of reserves addition and increasing oil and gas production in Russia.

Key words: non-structural traps; forecasting methods; oil and gas provinces; paleogeography.

For citation: Varlamov A.I., Shimansky V.V., Taninskaya N.V., Petrova Ju.E., Raevskaya E.G. Search and prospects of discovery of non-structural hydrocarbon traps in major petroleum provinces of Russia. Geologiya nefti i gaza. 2019;(3):9–22. DOI: 10.31087/0016-7894-2019-3-9-22.

References

1. BP Statistical Review of World Energy. Available at: https://www.bp.com/en/global/corporate/energy-economics/statistical-review-ofworld-energy.html (accessed 10.01.2019).
2. Oil Discoveries Fall to Lowest Level in 70 Years 27 December 2017. Available at: https://www.spe.org/en/print-article/?art=3737 (accessed 05.03.2019).
3. Varlamov A.I. Present state and further development of crude oil basis of the Russian Federation in the light of current challenges. Geologiya nefti i gaza. 2016;(5):14–23.
4. Strategy of raw material base development in Russian Federation for the period until 2035. Russian Federation Government Executive Order dated 22.12.2018. № 2914-р. 31 p.
5. Dolson J.C. Unlocking Egypt's Future Petroleum Potential: The Role of Creative Ideas, Data Access and Fostering a Bigger Role for Smaller Companies. In: B. Bosworth and A.A. Fattah eds. Annual Monthly Meeting EPEX (Egyptian Petroleum Exploration Society), Khalda Petroleum. Cairo, Egypt. 2016.
6. Tao S., Yuan X., Hou L. et al. Formation and distribution of large lithologic-stratigraphic oil & gas fields (provinces). Journal of Natural Gas Geoscience. 2018;3(1): 51–65. DOI: 10.1016/j.jnggs.2018.03.005
7. Ratner V.Ya., Bulatov N.N., Zubova M.A., Pol'ster L.A. Oil and gas deposits in non-anticlinal traps. Moscow: Nedra; 1982. 189 pp.
8. Muromtsev V.S. Electrometric geology of sand bodies — oil and gas stratigraphic traps. Leningrad: Nedra; 1984. 260 p.
9. Guseinov A.A., Geiman B.M., Shik N.S., Surtsukov G.V. Methods of forecasting and prospecting for lithological, stratigraphic and combined oil and gas traps. Moscow: Nedra; 1988. 270 pp.
10. Maz N.A., Shimanski V.V., Shpurov I.V. Prospects aeromagnetic gradiometry for solving search problems in petroleum geology. Nedropol'zovanie XXI vek. 2014;(6):20–25.
11. Taninskaya N.V., Vasiliev N.Ya., Myasnikova M.A., Yashina V.N. Opportunities of geological and geophysical methods for diagnosis of organogenous buildups on the example of A. Titov field, Timan-Pechora province. Neftegazovaya geologiya. Teoriya i praktika. Available at: http://www.ngtp.ru/rub/4/34_2015.pdf (accessed 10.03.2019). DOI: 10.17353/2070-5379/34_2015
12. Shimansky V.V., Taninskaya N.V., Kolpenskaya N.N., Niziaeva I.S., Vasiliev N.Ya. Sedimentation modeling at prediction of and exploration for non-structural traps. Geologiya nefti i gaza. 2016;(3):55–65.
13. Khafizov S.F., Shimanskii V.V., Taninskaya N.V., Kolpenskaya N.N. et al. Lithological grounds of oil and gas occurrence prediction. In: Litologicheskie i geokhimicheskie osnovy prognoza neftegazonosnosti: mat-ly Mezhdunarodnoi nauch.-prakt. konf. St. Petersburg : VNIGRI. 2008. pp. 323–326.
14. Shimansky V.V., Taninskaya N.V., Kolpenskaya N.N. Methodology of litho-genetic modeling of oil and gas reservoirs. In: Leningradskaya shkola litologii: materialy Vserossijskogo litologicheskogo soveshhaniya, posvyashhennogo 100-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya L.B. Rukhina (St. Petersburg, September 25–29, 2012). V. 2. St. Petersburg: OOO “Svoe Izdatelstvo”; 2012. pp. 198–200.
15. Shimansky V.V., Taninskaya N.V., Kolpenskaya N.N. Prediction methodology aspects of the non-structural hydrocarbon traps using the Jurassic-Cretaceous deposits in West Siberia. Bulletin of the Moscow Naturalists Society. Geological section. 2014;89(4):24–39.
16. Abilkhasimov Kh.B. Features of natural reservoirs formation in Palaeozoic deposits of Caspian Depression, and assessment of their petroleum potential. Moscow: Izdatel'skii dom Akademii Estestvoznaniya; 2016. 244 p.
17. Antonovskaya T.V. Non-anticlinal traps of Middle Devonian-Tournaisian formations in south-eastern Timan-Pechora Province (conditions of formation and oil and gas occurrence). St. Petersburg: FGBU VNIGRI; 2013. 228 p.
18. Oknova N.S. Hydrocarbon concentration zones of land and offshore areas in the oil and gas basins of the East European platform margins (Barents-Caspian oil belt). Neftegazovaya geologiya. Teoriya i praktika. Available at: http://www.ngtp.ru/rub/4/54_2010.pdf (accessed 01.03.2019).
19. Varlamov A.I., Fortunatova N.K., Mushin I.A. et al. Structure and oil and gas potential prospects of Tournaisian clinoform complexes of Korotaikh depression. Geologiya nefti i gaza. 2012;(2):14–24.
20. Burlakov I.A., Litvinova A.S., Murdalov L.A. Physical and lithological features of Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous reservoirs in Cis-Caucasus in the context of non-anticlinal oil (gas) traps identification. In: Sovremennye problemy geologii, geofiziki i geoekologii Severnogo Kavkaza: mat-ly III Vserossiiskoi nauch.-tekh. konf. Akademiya nauk Chechenskoi Respubliki (Groznyi); 2014. pp. 20–30.
21. Aliev R.M., Gumarov R.K. The Terek-Caspian foredeep oil and gas content in the territory of the Dagestan Plain. Herald of Dagestan State Technical University. Technical Sciences. 2016;42(3):131–141. DOI: 10.21822/2073-6185-2016-42-3-131-143
22. Patina I.S. Maykopian clinoforms of Caspian Region. Bulletin of the Moscow Naturalists Society. Geological section. 2013;88(5):38.
23. Kerimov V.Y., Sizikov E.A., Sinyavskaya O.S., Makarova A.Y. The conditions of the formation and the searching of hydrocarbon deposits in the Turbidite Reservoirs on the Okhotsk offshore. Neft', gaz i biznes. 2015;(2):32–37.
24. Kerimov V.Y., Sinyavskaya O.S., Bondarev A.V., Sizykov E.A. Formation conditions of oil and gas traps in the Paleogene-Neogene deposits of the Sakhalin shelf. In: Fundamental'nyi bazis innovatsionnykh tekhnologii poiskov, razvedki i razrabotki mestorozhdenii nefti i gaza i prioritetnye napravleniya razvitiya resursnoi bazy TEK Rossii: sb. tezisov konf. XXI Gubkinskie chteniya. Moscow: Rossiiskii gosudarstvennyi universitet nefti i gaza (natsional'nyi issledovatel'skii universitet) imeni I.M. Gubkina; 2016. pp. 138–140.

A.I. Varlamov   Scopus

All-Russian Research Geological Oil Institute, Moscow, Russia;

info@vnigni.ru

V.V. Shimansky   Scopus

AO “Geologorazvedka”, Saint-Petersburg, Russia;

shimvld@mail.ru

N.V. Taninskaya   Scopus

AO “Geologorazvedka”, Saint-Petersburg, Russia;

tannv@yandex.ru

Ju.E. Petrova

Saint-Petersburg branch of All-Russian Research Geological Oil Institute, Saint-Petersburg, Russia;

yul68279483@yandex.ru

E.G. Raevskaya   Scopus

AO “Geologorazvedka”, Saint-Petersburg, Russia;

lena.raevskaya@mail.ru