O.A. Smirnov, V.N. Borodkin, A.V. Lukashov, A.R. Kurchikov, M.V. Komgort,
N.M. Shestakova, A.V. Pogretskii
 
Prediction of hydrocarbon traps in the Barents Sea shelf on the basis of 2D, 3D seismic exploration
DOI 10.31087/0016-7894-2019-4-27-39

The Barents Sea region has one of the greatest potential for oil and gas fields discovery. In recent years of its exploration, the following fields were discovered: Shtokman, Ledovoe, Ludlovskoe, Murmanskoe, Severo-Kil’dinskoe. All the fields were discovered in Middle Jurassic and Triassic formations. With obtaining new data resulting from 2D and 3D seismic surveys conducted by PJSC Gazprom and containing information on the features of oil and gas bearing and oil and gas promising rock associations, it became possible to get back to the issue of oil and gas exploration paradigm. The obtained data contained information on the structure of hydrocarbon accumulations, paths of formation fluid upward migration, leading role of fault tectonics in formation of hydrocarbon fields, direction of major regional tectonic stresses, prevailing structural deformations, horizontal stresses, tectonic and physical factors affecting the vertical permeability in the subsurface, conditions of gas accumulations deforming, and much more. Thus, with acquisition of modern 3D seismic data, it became possible to get back to the issue of clarifying the petroleum potential by studying the mechanism of hydrocarbon traps formation in the context of tectonic activity of the Barents Sea paleorift system. The results of 2D and 3D seismic surveys allow extending the stratigraphic range of hydrocarbon deposits prediction from Carboniferous-Permian to Cretaceous formations. The authors identified a wide range of types of hydrocarbon traps formed in the Barents Sea Basin, namely: structural, lithological, stratigraphic, tectonic, and combination. At the same time, the proportion of structural traps is insignificant, and the majority of newly identified traps are non-structural. This paper presents the examples of delineation of hydrocarbon traps typical of Palaeozoic and Mesozoic stratigraphic series.

Key words: Barents Sea shelf; 2D, 3D seismic exploration; play; seismic anomalies; exploration target.

For citation: Smirnov O.A., Borodkin V.N., Lukashov A.V., Kurchikov A.R., Komgort M.V., Shestakova N.M., Pogretskii A.V. Prediction of hydrocarbon traps in the Barents Sea shelf of the basis on 2D, 3D seismic exploration. Geologiya nefti i gaza = Oil and gas geology. 2019;(4):27–39. DOI: 10.31087/0016-7894-2019-4-27-39.

References

1. Loizou N. Success in exploring for reliable, robust Paleocene traps west of Shetland. Geological Society. London. Special Publications. 2014; 397(1):59–79. DOI: 10.1144/SP397.9.
2. Borodkin V.N., Kurchikov A.R., Nedosekin A.S., Lukashov A.V., Smirnov O.A., Martynova E.V., Pogretskiy A.V. More precise definition of geological model and petroleum potential according to 3D CDP seismic data: Ludlovsky license Area in the Barents Sea waters. Geologiya nefti i gaza = Oil and gas geology. 2018;(6):98–108.
3. Gavrilov V.P., Gibshman N.B., Karnaukhov S.M. et al. Biostratigraphy and lithofacies of oil and gas bearing formations in the Barents-Kara region [Biostratigrafiya i litofatsii neftegazonosnykh otlozhenii Barentsevo-Karskogo regiona]. Moscow: Nedra; 1993. 255 p.
4. Kulakhmetov N.Kh., Kislukhin V.I., Zeninberg P.Ya. Lithofacies zoning of Upper Jurassic in the Western Siberia north as a basis for hydrocarbon potential assessment. In: Geologiya i otsenka neftegazovogo potentsiala Zapadnoi Sibiri : sb. nauch. tr. Moscow: Nauka; 1994. pp. 39–73.
5. Borodkin V.N., Kurchikov A.R., Nedosekin A.S., Lukashov A.V., Smirnov O.A., Firstaeva E.N., Davydov A.V. Evaluation of oil and gas potential prospects of the Leningrad license site in the Karsky sea based on 3D-MOGT seismic survey. Geologiya, geofizika i razrabotka neftyanykh i gazovykh mestorozhdenii. 2018;(4):4–19.
6. Neruchev S.G. Possibility to estimate the expected oil reserves on the genetic basis [O vozmozhnosti otsenki prognoznykh zapasov nefti na geneticheskoi osnove]. Geologiya nefti i gaza = Oil and gas geology. 1964;(7):8–11.
7. Kontorovich A.E., Peters K.E., Moldovan Dzh.M., Andrusevich V.E., Demeison D.Dzh., Stasova O.F., Kh'yuzinge B.Dzh. HC-biomarkers in the Middle Ob (West Siberia). Russian Geology and Geophysics. 1991;32(10):3–34.
8. Borodkin V.N., Kurchikov A.R., Nedosekin A.S., Smirnov O.A., Feokistova O.V. Confirmation of genetic models migration of hydrocarbons from the Bazhenov formation in the Lower Cretaceous deposits of Western Siberia on the basis of seismic MOV OGT-3D. Interexpo GEO-Siberia. 2016;2(1):83–87.
9. Smirnov O.A., Lukashov A.V., Nedosekin A.S., Kurchikov A.R., Borodkin V.N. Image of the fluid-dynamic model of hydrocarbon deposits formation according to 2D and 3D seismic exploration data on the example of Barents and Kara seas water area. Geologiya, geofizika i razrabotka neftyanykh i gazovykh mestorozhdenii. 2019;(1):17–28.

O.A. Smirnov   Scopus

LLC “Ingeoservice”, Tyumen, Russia;

smirnov.oa@gmail.com

V.N. Borodkin   Scopus

West-Siberian branch of Trofimuk Institute of Petroleum Geology and Geophysics of Siberian Branch Russian Academy of Sciences; Tumen, Russia;

Tyumen industrial University, Tyumen, Russia;

A.V. Lukashov   Scopus

LLC “Ingeoservice”, Tyumen, Russia;

an.lukashov@mail.ru

A.R. Kurchikov   Scopus

West-Siberian branch of Trofimuk Institute of Petroleum Geology and Geophysics of Siberian Branch Russian Academy of Sciences; Tumen, Russia;

kurchikovar@ipgg.sbras.ru

M.V. Komgort   Scopus

Tyumen industrial University, Tyumen, Russia;

komgort@mail.ru

N.M. Shestakova   Scopus

LLC “Ingeoservice”, Tyumen, Russia;

nshest@ingeos.info

A.V. Pogretskii

ООО Gazprom geologorazvedka, Tyumen, Russia;

apogretskiy@ggr.gasprom.ru